Hair is amazing! It can tell us our diet, state of health
and our genetic makeup. It can betray us at the scene of a
crime, its stronger than steel and more flexible. The average
diameter of a human hair is 0.1mm thick. There are on average
100,000 of them on our heads which will live for 3-7 years
Male hair is more dense and grows faster than female hair!
Whatever our hair type we need to keep it in good condition.
But how? What makes healthy shiny hair? Looking under a microscope
we can see why our hair shines or doesn't as the case may
be, what happens when we overuse products or over brush our
This Hair is in good condtion.
The cuticle is the outer layer of the shaft and is the first
layer to show any type of damage.
You can see that the cutilce is closed, the hair would feel
smooth and because of this would reflect light easily causing
shiny healthy looking hair.
The cuticle on this hair is slightly raised.
This hair would feel rougher to the touch and be less inclined
to reflect light.
Hair would appear dull or matt.
Cause: Can be caused by towel drying hair and/or hairdrying.
Cure: It is ok to towel dry hair as long as you do not over
do it. Rubbing hard with a towel can cause hair to tangle
and stretch and snap. Rub hair gently in the direction of
When using a hair dryer maintain a good distance from the
hair keeping the heat low.
The cuticle on this hair is raised in the extreme.
This hair is typical of damage caused by the hair being over
processed when perming. Hair would reflect little light causing
it to look limp and lifeless
Cause: Leaving perming solution on for too long, perming
too often or bad choice in perming lotion.
Cure: Test hair before perming.
must be in good condition and have the necessary strength
to ne able to accept the chemical alteration caused by perming.
The correct type of perm must be used and the correct perm
technique must be used. It is highly recommended that you
have your hair permed by a professional and do not try this
The cuticle on this hair has been completely stripped away
revealing the cortex layer underneath.
This type of damage is caused by the over possessing of colour
Hair would appear very dull and lifeless.
This hair shaft has been shattered right through.
This breakage can be caused by a bad choice in perm lotion
This hair shaft has been damaged by excessive combing or brushing
too hard when the hair is tangled causing the hair shaft to
stretch and snap.
Never force a brush or comb through your hair.
This hair has spilt ends. Can be caused by over brsuhing,
brushing hair when wet perming and colouring, towel drying,
elastic bands and/or tight pony tails.
No real cure except cutting the hair and snipping off the
Try to use a product containing Dimethiconol which has split-end
This hair is knotted.
Can be caused by forced brushing and combing etc.
Knotting hair will cause pressure on the cuticle and cortex,
leading the hair to break.
Avoid backcombing and use a conditioner after washing.